ANALYSIS OF THE FACTORS AFFECTING THE INCOME OF ROBUSTA COFFEE FARMERS IN TEMANGGUNG

Dini Listiyaningsih, Edy Prasetyo and Mukson

Abstract:

Coffe is one of the plantation commodities that has an important role in the national economy, especially as an employment provider, a source of farmer’s income, and a source of foreign exchange. Temanggung is the Robusta coffee production center which has an important role in fulfilling Robusta coffee supply in Central Java. This research aims at analyzing the income and the factors affecting the income of Robusta coffee farmers in Temanggung. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan November- Desember di Kabupaten Temanggung dengan metode survei. This research was conducted in November – December in Temanggung using survey method. The research location which is Temanggung was choosen deliberately since this district is the biggest Robusta coffee production center in Central Java. The farmer sampling was conducted by cluster random sampling. The Slovin formula was utilized to determine the number of samples which is ninety eight sample farmers. The result of this research shows that the income of Robusta coffee farmers who sell the product in the form of coffee cherries is significantly different from the regional minimum wage of Temanggung. Meanwhile, the income of the Robusta coffee farmers who sell the product in the form of coffee bean is not significally different from the regional minimum wage of Temanggung. The factors affecting the income of Robusta coffee farmers are land area, fertilizer cost, the age of the farmers, farmers’ education, and the coffee shape.

 

Keywords: coffee farming, production cost, income

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Posted in IJHRSS.