THE COMMUNITY OF TEMAJUK BORDER EDUCATION VALUES PARADIGM ON THE SCHOOL

Aslan, Hifza

Abstract:

The educational value paradigm in a certain place will continue to change according to technological developments and the demands of the market place. The Temajuk border community, whose success is made from wood working, was a period of great timber. Then the value of education was limited to calistung (reading, writing and arithmetic). This qualitative research aimed at understanding the paradigm of the Temajuk community towards the value of formal education or schools in entering the world of work. To find out the community paradigm, a series of data collection techniques have been successfully carried out, consisting of in-depth interviews, observation and documentation. When the Temajuk region underwent a change, where the economy from logging became increasingly difficult, due to government restrictions, the Temajuk Border community began to be interested in education, even more so with the government’s encouragement, prioritizing young people to become formal educated civil servants. However, the paradigm of the value of education as a way to find work is not as easy as turning the palms experienced by the Temajuk people, unless they have three things, namely wealth, position and influence in society. The paradigm of the educational value of the Temajuk community has changed in accordance with the times and the demands of work. Basically the Temajuk community does not have the influence of the modern education value paradigm of the previous generation. Only a small proportion of people think of education as an investment, where with the provision of higher education, they can easily achieve life success.

 

Keywords: Community Paradigm, Education Values, School and Occupation

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ANALYSIS OF TECHNICAL AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF THE USE OF PRODUCTION FACTORS AT CABBAGE FARMING IN GETASAN DISTRICT SEMARANG REGENCY

Arifin, Zaenal., Edy Prasetyo., and Bambang Mulyatno Setiawan

Abstract:

The research aims to analyze the effect of factors of production (land area, labor, seeds, fertilizer, pesticides) on cabbage production; analyze the scale of cabbage farming; analyze the level of technical efficiency of the use of cabbage farming production factors; and analyze the level of economic efficiency of cabbage farming in Getasan District, Semarang Regency. The study was conducted in February 2018 in Getasan Sub-District, Semarang Regency. The study was conducted using survey methods and sample determination using the multistage random sampling method. The number of samples was determined by the Slovin method and obtained a sample of 100 cabbage farmers. Data analysis was performed using the Cobb-Douglas model production function, production factor elasticity analysis, marginal product value analysis, marginal cost of production input. The results showed that the factors of production of land area, seeds, organic fertilizer, chemical fertilizers and liquid pesticides had a significant effect on cabbage production, while the factors of production of solid pesticides and labor did not significantly affect cabbage production. Farming scale is in the condition of increasing return to scale with an elasticity value of 1.113. Cabbage farming in Getasan District is not yet technically efficient with an average efficiency of 86.8%. The use of land production factors, seeds, organic fertilizers, chemical fertilizers, and liquid pesticides has not been economically efficient. The use of factors of production of solid pesticides and labor is not economically efficient.

 

Keywords: Cabbage, Factors of Production, and Efficiency

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ANALYSIS OF ECONOMIC GROWTH AND INEQUALITY BASED ON ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHIC REVIEW IN EAST NUSA TENGGARA

Agus A. Nalle and Hamza H. Wulakada

Abstract:

The geographical condition of NTT of which characteristic is archipelagic dry land and the location of its astronomy is at the southernmost gate of central Indonesia is becoming an international concern because it is directly adjacent to RDTL and Australia. The distribution of 22 districts / cities with various socio-cultural characteristics and the potential of the region is likely to be the cause of economic imbalances. This study aims to reveal economic growth in several districts / cities in NTT Province which is compared to the imbalance of economic development between districts. The problem solving approach and achieving the goals were conducted by descriptive and secondary data analysis, which is calculating several indicators such as the rate of economic growth and the rate of poverty reduction; regional economic growth indicators based on klasen typology and theil entropy index calculation as a proxy for the level of inequality between districts / cities in NTT Province. Based on the results of the analysis and discussion, there are significant economic growth imbalances between districts/ cities in NTT. Kupang City as the capital of the NTT Province is the only one that is categorized as a developed and fast-growing region, while other districts are categorized as growing regions. Another thing that can be stated is that there is a disparity or inequality in development between regions in NTT, which is indicated by a different theil entropy index. In addition to Kupang with its highest level of inequality, the districts on the mainland of Timor are still more unbalanced than the districts on the mainland of Flores and Sumba. The regencies that are spread over the cluster of islands are relatively more evenly distributed. It is suggested that it is necessary to encourage the development of investments based on superior and specific sectors with the support of potential resources available and spread in each district / city in NTT to create more operational policies and programs. In addition, the field of development of non-conventional sectors such as the tourism sector in the region which is the main driving sector of regional economic development needs to be developed more broadly.

 

Keywords: economic growth rate, inequality between regions, economic geography

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STRATEGIES OF THE SOYBEAN CROP FARMING DEVELOPMENT IN THE SUB DISTRICT OF SOUTH AMANATUN, THE DISTRICT OF SOUTHERN MIDDLE TIMOR

Serman Nikolaus and Tomico Selviana

Abstract:

Types of food processed by soybeans consumed by the people of East Nusa Tenggara Province, including the people of South Central Timor Regency, are tempeh and tofu. Raw materials produced by fabrics operated in East Nusa Tenggara Province are mostly requested from outside the Province of East Nusa Tenggara, such as from Java, Bali and West Nusa Tenggara, even from outside Indonesia, namely from the United States. This problem is supportive as an irony because it requires the natural resources of East Nusa Tenggara to support the cultivation of potential plants. The objectives of this research are: (1) to study the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and challenges of crop farming transferred by farmers in the study area, and (2) to support the strategies used to develop agricultural crops in the area. Research results obtained include (1) the strength of agricultural crops developed by farmers in South Amanatun; (2) weakness of soybean farming in the study area; (3) opportunities for agricultural food crops in the study area are high; and (4) threats made by farmers in soybean farming in the study area. Based on Mosher’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats, and theories in the development of agriculture above, the strategy was applied to develop soybean farming in the study area.

 

Keywords: development of soybean agriculture, soybean farming, strategy soybean farming

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THE INFLUENCE OF TECHNOLOGY ACCEPTANCE MODEL (TAM) TOWARDS CUSTOMER SATISFACTION OF ZAHIR ACCOUNTING APPLICATION

Haris., Abdul Ghofar, DBA., CA., AK and Dr. Endang Mardiati, Msi., CA., Ak

Abstract:

This study aims aims to analyze the influence of perceived ease of use principle towards customer satisfaction of zahir accounting application, analyze the influence of perceived usefulness principle on customer satisfaction of zahir accounting application, analyze the influence of actual usage principle towards customer satisfaction of zahir accounting application, analyze the influence of attitude toward using principle on customer satisfaction of zahir accounting application, and analyze the influence of behavioral intention principle towards customer satisfaction of zahir accounting application. This study uses a quantitative approach and is categorized into an explanatory research with total population of 1151 users. The sampling technique with incidental techniques in this study yields a number of sample of 100 users. The type of data used in this study is primary data which obtained by using questionnaires. The Inferential Statistical Method used in the data analysis of this study is Partial Least Square (PLS). Perceived ease of use has a positive effect on customer satisfaction. It means the higher customer convenience in using the Zahir accounting application, the higher customer satisfaction resulted. Perceived usefulness has no effect on customer satisfaction, meaning that there is no significant effect of perceived usefulness on customer satisfaction. Attitude toward using has a positive effect on customer satisfaction, meaning that the higher consumer’s attitude in using Zahir accounting application, the higher customer satisfaction resulted. Customer satisfaction has a positive impact on behavioral intention, meaning that the higher customer satisfaction in using zahir accounting application, the higher customer’s behavioral intention to use the application, and vice versa. Behavioral intention has a positive effect on actual usage, meaning that the higher customer’s intention to use zahir accounting application will result in a significantly higher customer behavior in using the zahir accounting application. This is one of several accounting scientific studies that investigate customers of zahir accounting applications relating to TAM (Technology Acceptance Model) and Customer Satisfaction.

 

Keywords: Perceived ease of use, Perceived usefulness, Attitude toward using, behavioral intention, actual usage, Customer satisfaction, Zahir Accounting Application, PLS- SEM

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EFFECTS OF COMPANY CHARACTERISTICS AND CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONBILITY EXPOSURE ON TAX AGRESSIVITY

Bimo Satryo Nugrohudi, Dr. Erwin Saraswati, Ak., CPMA, CSRS and Dr. Drs. Roekhudin, M.Si., Ak

Abstract:

This study aims to examine effects of Corporate Characteristics and Exposure of Corporate Social Responsibility on tax agressivity . The population of this study are manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (BEI) in 2016-2018 period. The sampling is collected purposively as many as 30 manufacturing companies in 2016-2018 period. Variables used are size, leverage, ROA (Return of Assets), Good Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility as independent variables. While corporate tax avoidance is measured using ETR (Effective Tax Rates) as the dependent variable. The analytical tool used in this study is multiple regression analysis to examine the effects of independent variables towards dependent variable. The results showed that size, leverage, and ROA (Return of Assets) actually affect the tax agressivity . Whereas GCG (Good Corporate Governance) and CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) variables have no effect on tax agressivity.

 

Keywords: company characteristics, size, leverage, ROA, GCG, CSR, ETR

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TIME PRESSURE AND FRAMING BUDGET INFORMATION IN DECISION MAKING

Sukirman, Anna Sutrisna., Rastina Achmad and Dedy Abidin Syamsinar

Abstract:

This study aims to examine the effect of time pressure, budget information framing, responsibility and intrinsic motivation in making investment decisions with group-shifting as moderation in regional companies. This study examines three conditions and time pressures that might influence whether a group’s decision tends to take risk or avoid risk: (1) preparation of alternative decisions, (2) level of responsibility for decisions related to previous investments, and (3) rewards given for the success of certain projects. This study uses experimental studies, i.e. experimental designs in 2 x 2 subjects by providing scenarios in decision making. Participants in this study were 20 regional company employees working in regional companies. Before conducting experiments on real participants, it is necessary to test the validity and reliability of research experiment instruments through trials towards accounting students who already have work experience on the experimental instruments used in this study. The analytical tools used to test hypotheses are paired sample t-tests and MANOVA. The results show that there is a significant influence of decision making taken differently when information is framed positively or negatively especially under conditions of time pressure and when rewards are given for the success of projects carried out by regional companies

 

Keywords: time pressure framing, information, intrinsic and group-shifts

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THE CONCEPTUALIZATION TEAK AND SELF LOLI TRUST MARAPU IN SUMBA BARAT DISTRICT

Felysianus Sanga., Alex Djawa and Hendrina Pada

Abstract:

The most of the Loli people living in West Sumba Regency are people who believe in Marapu. This school believes and worship the dead ancestors or ancestors. They believe that the spirits of their ancestors did not die. The spirits of their ancestors dwelled in Wapu Marapu ‘Marapu village’. They believe that the spirits of the ancestors are safari bearers for those who are still alive to Mawolo Marawi ‘God who made and created’. This conceptual expression and identity of the people who believe in this belief can be seen on the grave stone as a cultural medium. Semiotic meanings ‘symbolic’ describe the message to the public about the identity of adherents. The aim is to express the meaning and values contained in the soul of the community.

 

Keywords: ancestors, marapu confidence, identity and symbolic meaning

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ANALYSIS OF THE FACTORS AFFECTING THE INCOME OF ROBUSTA COFFEE FARMERS IN TEMANGGUNG

Dini Listiyaningsih, Edy Prasetyo and Mukson

Abstract:

Coffe is one of the plantation commodities that has an important role in the national economy, especially as an employment provider, a source of farmer’s income, and a source of foreign exchange. Temanggung is the Robusta coffee production center which has an important role in fulfilling Robusta coffee supply in Central Java. This research aims at analyzing the income and the factors affecting the income of Robusta coffee farmers in Temanggung. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan November- Desember di Kabupaten Temanggung dengan metode survei. This research was conducted in November – December in Temanggung using survey method. The research location which is Temanggung was choosen deliberately since this district is the biggest Robusta coffee production center in Central Java. The farmer sampling was conducted by cluster random sampling. The Slovin formula was utilized to determine the number of samples which is ninety eight sample farmers. The result of this research shows that the income of Robusta coffee farmers who sell the product in the form of coffee cherries is significantly different from the regional minimum wage of Temanggung. Meanwhile, the income of the Robusta coffee farmers who sell the product in the form of coffee bean is not significally different from the regional minimum wage of Temanggung. The factors affecting the income of Robusta coffee farmers are land area, fertilizer cost, the age of the farmers, farmers’ education, and the coffee shape.

 

Keywords: coffee farming, production cost, income

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THE JORDANIAN POLITICAL SYSTEM AND THE MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD

Dr. Asaad Ghali Hamzah

Abstract:

Every political system has characteristics that are distinct from other political systems, Even if similar in content. This distinction comes through the society and the intellectual mosaic that it forms, and the Jordanian political system has a distinguishing feature from other political systems (constitutional monarchy). These characteristics emerged after the appearance of the so-called Arab Spring. Despite the mob that took place between the Muslim Brotherhood and the regime in the kingdom, despite the mobs that occurred in Arab countries such as Syria, Libya and now in Yemen, the Muslim Brotherhood was not exposed to the regime despite the existence of a state of escalation between the two parties in the recent period certainly do not exclude in our research this external support received by the Kingdom from the great powers such as America and Britain, but there are old relationships  between the Brotherhood and the regime had a significant on the stability of the political system. Hence the importance of the research to identify the nature of the relationship between the Jordanian political system and the Muslim Brotherhood, to identify the reality, determining  the success of the relationship and learn the causes of the crisis of the relationship occasionally , trying to specify the parties responsible for that success or failure, is the Brotherhood, or the Jordanian regime, and its impact on the Kingdom of Jordan and the democracy it has pursued since the beginning of the establishment.Every political system has characteristics that are distinct from other political systems, Even if similar in content. This distinction comes through the society and the intellectual mosaic that it forms, and the Jordanian political system has a distinguishing feature from other political systems (constitutional monarchy). These characteristics emerged after the appearance of the so-called Arab Spring. Despite the mob that took place between the Muslim Brotherhood and the regime in the kingdom, despite the mobs that occurred in Arab countries such as Syria, Libya and now in Yemen, the Muslim Brotherhood was not exposed to the regime despite the existence of a state of escalation between the two parties in the recent period certainly do not exclude in our research this external support received by the Kingdom from the great powers such as America and Britain, but there are old relationships  between the Brotherhood and the regime had a significant on the stability of the political system. Hence the importance of the research to identify the nature of the relationship between the Jordanian political system and the Muslim Brotherhood, to identify the reality, determining  the success of the relationship and learn the causes of the crisis of the relationship occasionally , trying to specify the parties responsible for that success or failure, is the Brotherhood, or the Jordanian regime, and its impact on the Kingdom of Jordan and the democracy it has pursued since the beginning of the establishment.

 

Keywords: political system, muslim brotherhood, regime, stability of the political system, legislative power, judiciar, general policy, conservative secularism, religious neutrality, candidates, regional factor in elections

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