THE BEST INTEREST OF THE CHILD PRINCIPLE IN THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM

Sasmita Adika Candra

Abstract:

Children are Nation Assets who have limitations in understanding and protecting themselves from the various influences of the existing system, therefore protection efforts are needed. Research Objectives analyze the concept of the best interests of children in the juvenile criminal justice system, the application of the principle of best interest for children in sexual abuse cases in the Central Lombok Police Station. Empirical legal research methods. Results of research Setting the principle of best interest for children in Law Number 11 of 2012 concerning the Child Judicial System in the provisions of Article 2 letter d. The application of the principle of best interest for children in the Central Lombok Resort Police, suspects are not treated the same as adults, given the opportunity to go to school, be examined in a special room that is a PPA unit room, a PPA special investigator and dressed non-official.

 

Keywords: principles, children and the criminal justice system for children

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COMMUNITY PERCEPTIONS OF COASTAL TOURISM (PHENOMENOLOGICAL STUDY OF TOURISM IN LENGGOKSONO BEACH IN PURWODADI VILLAGE, TIRTOYUDO SUB-DISTRICT, MALANG REGENCY)

Made Arya Wedanthara., Bonaventura., and Sri Hartini Jatmikowati

Abstract:

In sociological perspective, coastal tourism exploration is social phenomena. Essentially, society is heterogeneous because individuals who gather in a community have their own character. Starting from that assumption, every change that occurs in the community will lead to various perceptions. Based on this assumption, the researcher wants to describe and analyze the public perception of coastal tourism exploration in Purwodadi, Tirtoyudo, Malang, as well as to describe and analyze factors behind the formation of public perception of coastal tourism exploration in Tirtoyudo, Malang. The data analysis technique is qualitative analysis that is suggested by Miles and Huberman. The source of data is taken from the government and the community of Tirtoyudo that varies in socio-economic status and profession: (a) Head of Village/Lurah and the device; (b) traders, farmers, fishermen, private employees, housewives; (c) headmasters as well as teachers, students, drivers and registrars. This research was conducted in Purwodadi, Tirtoyudo, Malang. The location of this research was determined purposively, considering the uniqueness of Tirtoyudo compared to other sub-districts in Malang. The uniqueness includes (1) the geographical location of Tirtoyudo is in the southern suburb of Malang; (2) the influence of the community environment which is still traditional, agrarian, and maritime; (3) the high heterogeneity between the life of farmers, traders, fishermen, teachers, and drivers. The result of this study shows that according to the whole level of community of Tirtuyodo including farmers, fishermen, driver, housewives, and artists has an opinion to develop Bowele beach. Meanwhile, the public opinion on the development of Bowle beach is that the road access should be improved first before focusing on the target of becoming a national tourism destination. The community’s assessment related to the development of the coastal tourism is the development of tourism can have as positive impact towards the economy of the people because it creates new jobs and increases income.

 

Keywords: coastal tourism development, public perception, community environment

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APPOINTMENT OF HEAD OF SUB DISTRICT BASED ON GOVERNMENT REGULATION NUMBER 17 OF 2018 CONCERNING DISTRICTS IN CENTRAL LOMBOK REGENCY

Mujahidin

Abstract:

This research is motivated by Law Number 23 Year 2014 concerning Regional Government, especially article 224 paragraph (2) which states that the Regent / mayor must appoint a sub-district head from a civil servant who has mastered the technical knowledge of the government and fulfills staffing requirements in accordance with the provisions of the legislation. Then followed up with the birth of Government Regulation Number 18 of 2018 concerning Regional Device Organizations. In it regulates the District and the issuance of Government Regulation Number 17 of 2018 concerning Sub-Districts in Central Lombok Regency specifically the article concerning the appointment requirements of the Sub-District Head. The research conducted aims to find out and analyze the implementation of Head of District Appointment based on Law No. Article 224 of Government Regulation Number 23 Year 2014 and Government Regulation Number 17 Year 2018 concerning Sub-Districts, and constraints faced in implementing or implementing the mandate of these Laws and Government Regulations. The results of the study show that the Implementation of Head of Sub-District Appointment based on Law No. Article 224 and Government Regulation Number 17 Year 2018 concerning Districts, and the obstacles faced in implementing or implementing the mandate of the Law and Government Regulations cannot be applied optimally in the Central Lombok Regency Government. In education there are still many sub-district heads who lead not in governmental technical education. This is due to the political influence of the district government in running the wheels of government. Especially after the regional head election or regent who carried out directly the political influence of Civil Servants is very thick; it is inevitable also for the State Civil Apparatus who occupies the position of Sub-District Head. For sub-district head who are not from the Government of Science Education background, they must take part in the professional education and training program held by the Ministry of Home Affairs, which is the Institute of Education of the Domestic Government Institute. However, up to this writing, the sub-district heads who are not governed by knowledge education have not yet been given professional education and training services. So, it can be concluded Law No. 23 of 2014 Article 224 and Government Regulation Number 17 of 2018 concerning Sub-District implementation in the field is not in accordance with the provisions.

 

Keywords: implementation, sub-district head, sub-district

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IMPACT OF SCHOOL HEADERS AS A DETERMINATION OF POLICY ON ADIWIYATA SCHOOL SUSTAINABILITY (Study of National Adiwiyata Winning School Jombang Regency)

Hamidi, Faris., Hakim, A., Leksono, A. S., and Yanuwiadi, B.

Abstract:

Factors arising from the spirit of teacher performance are influenced by a strong mental attitude of the teacher’s abilities and skills through the main components systemically, including input, process and input. Teacher performance also has to do with the Principal’s policy as well as the award given. Principals must be brave enough to make wise decisions in creating a creative, innovative and other organizational climate, so that school management will always be more conducive and effective in order to improve the quality of processional teachers and have academic positions in accordance with educational qualifications. taken. This study uses a correlational research design because it aims to test and analyze the relationship between the influence of school management and community participation on managerial competence and the sustainability of adiwiyata schools in the Jombang District Primary and Secondary Education Office. Based on the results of calculations using the PLS analysis approach, it was concluded that School Management in Adiwiyata schools in Jombang District had an influence on the Sustainability of the Adiwiyata School. Community participation around Adiwiyata school in Jombang Regency has an influence on the Sustainability of Adiwiyata School. The existence of community participation in an educational institution will be able to provide improvement and trust in the school to always improve to be better so that interest arises in environment-based schools to continue to innovate better. Managerial Competence in Adiwiyata School in Jombang Regency has no influence on the Sustainability of Adiwiyata School, so that in this case the leader or headmaster is the most important in managing school policies in order to be able to make the Adiwiyata school sustainable.

 

Keywords: School Education Management, Community Participation, Adiwiyata, Partial Least Square (PLS)

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INFLUENCE OF SCHOOL MANAGEMENT IMPLEMENTATION ON ADIWIYATA SCHOOLS

Hamidi, Faris., Hakim, A., Leksono, A. S., and Yanuwiadi, B.

Abstract:

Public schooling has different levels of education system. Levels of education refers to stages in education that is based on student’s achievement of the learning objectives. Education plays a significant role for human resource development. Education is a mean for government to strive for environmental sustainability through teaching and learning process in school. The principal’s policy in terms of appreciation also has influence on teacher’s performance. The aim of this study is to analyze and to discuss Curriculum Management, Personnel, Student Affairs, Finance, Facilities and Infrastructure Maintenance, Managerial Competence as well as its attempt on preserving Adiwiyata school. The major approach of this study is a survey research, a research that selects the sample of respondents from a population by giving some questionnaires. In addition, this study is an empirical study using causality test to explain the influence among variables through hypothesis test. In conclusion, the result of calculation using SEM analysis approach shows that Curriculum Management, Student Affairs, Finance, Facilities and Infrastructure in Adiwiyata school in Kapubaten Jombang have influence on creating Adiwiyata school, as well as school sustainability.

 

Keywords: Educational Management, Adiwiyata, Structural Equation Modelling (SEM)

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GEOGRAPHICALLY WEIGHTED BIVARIATE ZERO INFLATED POISSON REGRESSION (GWBZIPR) MODELLING WITH ADAPTIVE GAUSSIAN KERNEL WEIGHT FUNCTION

Siti Masliyah Lubis., Henny Pramoedyo., and Suci Astutik

Abstract:

Bivariate Poisson regression is a method used to model a pair of data counts with a Poisson distribution that has a correlation. This model has specific assumptions, namely similarities between averages and variance (equilibrium). Violations of this assumption cause the parameters produced from bivariate Poisson regression to be less accurate. Violations of these assumptions can occur because of the count data on the response variable with a zero value (Zero-Inflated) which results in overdispersion or a variance value greater than the average. In a pair of data counts that have correlations between response variables and having data with excessive zero values, they can be modelled with Bivariate Zero-Inflated Poisson Regression (BZIPR). The development of the BZIPR regression which has considered spatial factors is called Geographically Weighted Bivariate Zero-Inflated Poisson Regression (GWBZIPR). The weighting function used is the weighting of the Adaptive Gaussian Kernel and the estimation of the parameters of the GWBZIPR model is done using the Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) method. This research was conducted on the number of cases of PB and MB leprosy in North Sumatra Province in 2017. Based on the results of the modelling that the variable that affects the number of cases of PB and MB leprosy in North Sumatra province is the percentage of poor people, the percentage of households with clean and healthy behavior, ratio of medical personnel and percentage of healthy houses.

 

Keywords: Geographically Weighted Bivariate Zero Inflated Poisson Regression (GWBZIPR), Adaptive Gaussian Kernel, and Leprosy

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PERCEPTION OF FINANCIAL EXECUTIVES REGARDING MERGER OF INDIAN BANKS: A CRITICAL STATISTICAL EXPLORATION

Sarbapriya Ray, Gopal Chandra Mondal, Mihir Kumar Pal

Abstract:

The article tries to identify factors affecting merger and acquisition decision in Indian banking sector as well as to find out the motives for mergers Indian banks based on executives’ survey and their perception regarding merger of Indian banks. This empirical research based on executives’ survey finds that new geographical .area, cost advantage,  size advantage, customer base ,inorganic growth, (HR) integration, shareholders’ value, brand quality, financial inclusion, technological advantage, compliance with more regulations, corporate governance, risk perception, CSR, NPA are treated as  the important strategic motives behind  merger of Indian banks   while considering those factors in order of magnitude of computed mean as our empirical result confirms  having surveyed  executives under our study. The ordinal logit model initiates one to infer that most of the respondents consider that corporate governance, in particular, has an important and significant impact on the merging decision of Indian banks. Other notable factors like inorganic growth(IG), Shareholders value(SV), Non- performing assets(NPA), size advantage(SA) and financial inclusion(FI) are not so important factors in deciding merger decision of Indian banks as our ordinal regression results suggest.

 

Keywords: perception analysis, merger, banks, executives

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF WEAVING- TENUN- LEARNING MODEL TO ENHANCE THE QUALITY OF STUDENT LEARNING ON DYNAMICS OF THE EARTH MATERIALS IN HIGH SCHOOL

Nurmiyati Guhir, Mientje Ratoe Oedjoe, Robertus Se, Ketut Mahendra Kuswara, Moses Kopong Tokan

Abstract:

This study aims to determine the participation of students in the use of Weafing learning models against conventional models, related to understanding of the material dynamics of planet earth in high school students. This study uses research and development method with a test instruments and a sample of 72 high school students of class XI Senior High Schools 4 of Kupang. To test the activeness of using the observation sheet and the mastery test of the material concepts of the dynamics of the planet earth using 15 items in multiple choices. Analysis of the activity and learning outcomes is done using the correlated t-test formula. The result of the activity test data analysis show that the signicance level obtained is 0,015<0,05. This means that there are significant differences between the mean values of the experimental class and the control class. Data also shows that the average value of activeness obtained by the experimental class (76,9) is higher than the control class (68,8). In addition, the result of the analysis of learning outcomes data indicate that the significance level obtained is 0,00<0,05. This means that there is a significant difference between the value of the average learning outcomes of students in the experimental group and the control class. The data also showed that the experimental class average value (56) was higher than the control class (33,87).

 

Keywords: the dinamics of planet earth, conventional model, weafing model

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GEOGRAPHICALLY WEIGHTED QUANTILE REGRESSION MODELLING ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX IN JAVA ISLAND

Neny Kurniawati., Henny Pramoedyo., and Suci Astutik

Abstract:

Quantile regression analysis is a regression method with an approach to dividing data into certain quintiles that may have different predictive values. Although it is not specified as a robust method, quantile regression can be applied to data that containing outliers and has a non-homogeneous variance of errors. If the variance of errors is not homogeneous, it’s likely that a globally generated model won’t be able to explain the entire data so that a locally generated model is needed by including spatial elements. Conditions that are influenced by spatial elements allow for spatial heterogeneity. GWR is a method that can be used to predict model parameters in data that have spatial heterogeneity. To accommodate two aspects at once, namely the the exploration of relation patterns between variables that are influenced by spatial heterogeneity factors and the distribution pattern of response variables, Geographically Weighted Quantile Regression (GWQR) was developed. In this study, the GWQR model was applied to Java Island’s HDI data where its achievement was very diverse and a cause for spatial problem. The weight that used in this research is the Adaptive Gaussian Kernel and the quantile value that used is 0.05; 0.25; 0.50; 0.75; and 0.95. The analysis shows that the GWQR model is better than the global QR model in explaining the relationship between life expectancy (years), school enrollment rates aged 16-18 years (%), percentage of the population with minimum high school education (%), population density (km2/soul), percentage of poor people (%), and expenditure per capita (rupiah) towards the IPM of districts/cities in Java Island. This can be seen from the results of the predictions produced by the GWQR model which is closer to the actual IPM value than the prediction results generated from QR models globally and also base on the value of RMSE. The RMSE value of GWQR model for each quantile are less than RMSE value of global QR.

 

Keywords: quantlile regression, outliers, spatial heterogeneity, Geographically Weighted Regression, IPM.

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U-SHAPE FRP GIRDER PERFORMANCE FROM E-GLASS/ POLYESTER ON ITS FLEXURAL CAPACITY

Agus Sugiarto and Taufiq Rochman

Abstract:

The FRP (fiber reinforced polymer) using on structure inovation of civil engineering have been learned and discussed in a very short time. FRP has been expanded to be smart material that ready for replace concrete and steel. The lack of steel and concrete on flexural case for length that dominate its selfweight from nominal flexural capacity left over and dominate then live load. Many research use FRP as retrofit reinforcement which using strip or prestressed strip carbon system, but it is rarely focused on fully FRP application so that proposed a U-shape FRP girder to hold the flexure. Reinforced FRP beam is made from E-glass fiber type by using unsaturates polyester resin as a matrix material. Composite beam is shaped from one set of angled 0 uniaxial mat and angled 45 biaxial mat. Pull wing U-profile on lower section has configuration lay-up of 17 mat layers [453/04/453/04/453], and the other section have configuration lay-up of 9 mat layers mat [45]9. The beam is variated on its height, they are 15 cm, 12.5 cm, and 10 cm in a row for A, B, and C beam. Girder length is set on 2000 mm and flexural load 3 centered node from 0 untul 105Kn that given quasi-staticly. Load and flexural is recorded manually but the strain is recorded automatically using aqcuisition system data. On centered load more than 0 Kn until 105 Kn, the result is obtained by flexural average on 47 mm and the tensile strain average on 0.0018. Deflection and strain sequence from small until high are A, E, and C beam. But the shear load damage and local support caused of centered load from the damage sequence visually from the smallest until highest are C, B, then A.

 

Keywords: E-glass/polyester, flexural performance, FRP, U-girder

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